Resources Supporting Resources

The Blanket Exercise covers over 500 years of history in less an hour. These resources will help you to delve deeper into the content.

Getting Started

Findings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission

From 1820 until the 1990s, the Federal Government took First Nations, Inuit and Métis children from their homes and communities and put them in boarding schools (called Residential Schools) that were run by churches. In 2008, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established to “facilitate reconciliation among former students of Indian Residential Schools, their families, their communities and all Canadians”. In June 2015, the Executive Summary of the Findings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission was released, along with 94 Calls to Action.

The Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP)

Released in 1996, this 4000 page report is the foundation of the Blanket Exercise. With over 2000 pages of history and 440 recommendations, it traces the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Canada from the time of first contact. The report outlines a reconciliatory path forward based on widespread awareness and understanding of our shared history, a mutual recognition of rights and responsibilities, and an acknowledgement that the federal government’s policy direction up until now has been wrong.

Treaties

Doctrine of Discovery

  • Video: Chief Oren Lyons on the Doctrine of Discovery.
  • Video: Discovered? Or Stolen! Repudiating the Doctrine of Discovery, by the United Church of Christ.
  • Fact sheet on the Doctrine of Discovery.

Royal Proclamation of 1763

Residential Schools

Indian Act

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

The Declaration is a set of minimum standards to ensure Indigenous peoples’ human rights are respected. It is a framework for reconciliation.